Household socioeconomic factors and minimum dietary diversity among infants and young children in Kebumen District of Indonesia

Tantri Nofitasari, Nur Indah Rahmawati, Eka Nurhayati, Fatimah Fatimah, Tri Siswati, Bunga Astria Paramashanti


Background: Despite its benefits on child health and nutrition, the proportion of Indonesian children meeting the minimum dietary diversity remains suboptimal.

Objective: This study aimed to examine the association between household socioeconomic factors and minimum dietary diversity among young children 6-23 months.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Kebumen District of Indonesia. We selected a total of 356 children using multistage cluster sampling. The main outcome was minimum dietary diversity. Explanatory variables were household socioeconomic factors, including parental education, parental occupation, and household income.

Results: The percentage of children meeting minimum dietary diversity was 43.5%. The multiple logistic regression results showed that high household income was significantly associated with minimum dietary diversity (AOR= 2.27; 95%CI: 1.38-3.72). Other socioeconomic factors, such as parental education and occupation, were unrelated to minimum dietary diversity among infants and young children.

Conclusion: Minimum dietary diversity is low in Kebumen District. Wealthier households are more likely to feed their children with a diversified diet than poorer households. A combination of nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive interventions is needed to achieve appropriate infant and young child feeding practices.


Minimum dietary diversity; Socioeconomic; Complementary feeding; Infant and young child feeding

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