Relationship between emotional regulation and anxiety among nurses during the Covid-19 pandemic

Arif Arif Rakhman Rakhman, Anisa Oktiawati, Khodijah Khodijah


Background: The Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) outbreak occurred in almost all of countries. This phenomenon causes changes in various aspects of life, such as health, economic, social, psychological, cultural, and more. Psychological responses experienced by health workers are the feelings of anxiety about their health and the spread of the virus to their families. Hence, nurses need to understand the problems that being faced, therefore they have no difficulties in recognizing their emotions. The ability of nurses to regulate their emotions is needed to focus on dealing with a problem.

Objectives: This study aims to determine the relationship between emotional regulation and anxiety among nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: This is quantitative research with a descriptive correlation design and a cross sectional approach. The sampling technique that used was accidental sampling with a total of 202 respondents, which was carried out during July 2020. Respondents filled out questionnaires that given by the researcher trough online google form. The research instruments used were Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) and anxiety questionnaire with Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CAS)

Results: The results of the pearson product moment analysis obtained that p-value is 0.007 < 0.05. It can be concluded that there is a relationship between emotional regulation and anxiety among nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Conclusions : Nurses who have good emotional regulation skills will not experience anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic. Nurses are expected to be able to control their emotions, so they can recognize problems and determine appropriate actions, so that anxiety does not occur.


covid-19 pandemic; anxiety; emotional regulation; nurses

Full Text:



National Health Commission of China. (2020). Update on the new coronavirus pneumonia outbreak.

Yuliana. (2020). Corona virus diseases (Covid -19); Sebuah tinjauan literatur. Wellness and Healthy Magazine, 2(1), 187–192.

Kementrian Kesehatan. (2020, April 6). Situasi Terkini Perkembangan Coronavirus (COVID 19) 6 April 2020. Media Informasi Resmi Terkini Penyakit Infeksi Emerging.

Agung, I. M. (2020). Memahami Pandemi Covid-19 Dalam Perspektif Psikologi Sosial. Psikobuletin:Buletin Ilmiah Psikologi, 1(2), 68–84.

Cao, W., Fang, Z., Hou, G., Han, M., Xu, X., & Dong, J. (2020). Since January 2020 Elsevier has created a COVID-19 resource centre with free information in English and Mandarin on the novel coronavirus COVID- 19 . The COVID-19 resource centre is hosted on Elsevier Connect , the company ’ s public news and information . January.

Chen, Q., Liang, M., Li, Y., Guo, J., Fei, D., Wang, L., He, L., Sheng, C., Cai, Y., Li, X., Wang, J., & Zhang, Z. (2020). Mental health care for medical staff in China during the COVID-19 outbreak. The Lancet Psychiatry, 7(4), e15–e16.

Lai, J., Ma, S., Wang, Y., Cai, Z., Hu, J., Wei, N., Wu, J., Du, H., Chen, T., Li, R., Tan, H., Kang, L., Yao, L., Huang, M., Wang, H., Wang, G., Liu, Z., & Hu, S. (2020). Factors Associated With Mental Health Outcomes Among Health Care Workers Exposed to Coronavirus Disease 2019. JAMA Network Open, 3(3), e203976.

Adams, J. G., & Walls, R. M. (2020). Supporting the Health Care Workforce during the COVID-19 Global Epidemic. JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association, 323(15), 1439–1440.

Cohen IG, Crespo AM, W. D. (2020). Potential legal liability for withdrawing or withholding ventilators during COVID-19: assessing the risks and identifying needed reforms. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association.

MHPSS Reference Group. (2020). Catatan Tentang Aspek Kesehatan Jiwa dan Psikososial Wabah Covid. Iasc, Feb, 1–20.

Putri, G. G., & Kristiana, I. F. (2018). Hubungan Antara Hardiness Dan Regulasi Emosi Pada Perawat Rumah Sakit Usada Insani Kota Tangerang. Empati, 6(4), 87–90.

Gross, J. J. (2014). Emotion regulation: Conceptual and empirical foundations. Emotion Regulation, 3–20.

Kostiuk, L. M., & Fouts, G. T. (2002). Understanding of emotions and emotion regulation in adolescent females with conduct problems: A qualitative analysis. The Qualitative Report, 7(1), 1–14.

Davis, Joshua., Griffith, J., Thiel, C., & Connelly, S. (2015). Development and Validation of a Measure for Emotion Regulation at Work: Introducingthe Workplace Emotion Regulation Preference Inventory (WERPI [Personality and Individual Differences].

Nafisah, D., Khattrine, L., & Juwariyah, S. (2021). Hubungan regulasi emosi terhadap tingkat kesehatan mental remaja pada masa pandemi covid-19. Jurnal Manajemen Asuhan Keperawatan, 5(2): 104-109.

Syahadat, Y.M. (2013). Pelatihan regulasi emosi untuk menurunkan perilaku agresif pada anak. Jurnal psikologi Indonesia, 10: 20-36.

Gross, J.J., & Jazaieri, H. (2014). Emotion, emotion regulation, and psychopathology: An affective science perspective. Clinical psychological science, 2(4): 387-401.

Ratnasari, S., & Suleeman, J. (2017). Perbedaan regulasi emosi perempuan dan laki-laki di perguruan tinggi. Jurnal Psikologi Sosial, 15(1): 35-46.

Situmorang, L., & Sudharmono, U. (2021). Tingkat kecemasan perawat Instalasi Gawat Darurat terhadap paparan Covid-19. Jurnal Penelitian Perawat Profesional, 3(4): 799-806.

Lautan, L.M., & Savitri, E. (2021). Tingkat kecemasan perawat di masa adaptasi kebiasaan baru. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Pencerah, 10(2): 224-231.

Wang, Z.Q.W , & H, K. (2020). A handbook of 2019-nCov Pneumonia control and prevention. Hubei Science and Technology Press.

Cheng, Q., Liang, M., Li, Y., He, L., Guo, J., Fei, D., & Zhang, Z. (2020). Correspondence mental health care for medical staff in China during the Covid-19. Lancet, 7: 15-26.

Arifiati. (2019). Peningkatan sense of humor untuk menurunkan kecemasan pada lansia. Aspek psikol, 1(2): 139-169.

Gross, J. J., & Thompson, R. A. (2006). Emotion Regulation: Conceptual Foundations. In J. J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of Emotion Regulation. New York: The Guiford Press

Aprisandityas, A., Elfida, D. (2012). Hubungan antara regulasi emosi dengan kecemasan pada ibu hamil. Jurnal Psikologi UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2(2): 80-89.

Manz, C. C. (2007). Emosional Discipline (Terj. Burhanudin Hamam Faizin). Yogyakarta: Thin



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Jurnal Ners dan Kebidanan Indonesia (JNKI) indexed by:


Lisensi Creative Commons

  View My Stats