Relationship of coping strategies with resilience, self-efficiency, and anxiety in the new normal period of the covid-19 pandemic on Teenagers In Kupang City

Antonia Helena Hamu, Sabinus Bunga Ama Kedang, Antonius Rino Vanchapo


Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused everyone to feel anxious. The government has made several preventive strategies to inhibit the spread of the virus through social distancing, physical distancing, and the stay at home order which lead to the decreasing access to family, friends, and other social support systems and causing loneliness and increasing psychological problems such as anxiety and depression. Thus, everyone, especially teenagers, are expected to be able to adapt to the new habits (the new normal) in carrying out healthy and clean-living behaviour. Those who are prone to COVID-19 gradually develop adaptive and functional skills and competencies, and build a self-identity that can prepare themselves to carry out their roles and respond to societal expectations as they mature, which can also be regarded as a period of storms and stress. Objectives: Is to identify the relationship of coping strategies with resilience and anxiety in the transition to the new normal during the COVID-19 pandemic on teenagers in Kupang City.

Methods: The research design used in this study was cross-sectional. The sample in this study was 147 measured using the inclusion and exclusion criteria that had been set. Meanwhile, the inclusion criteria in this study were as follows: domiciled in Kupang City, have stayed in Kupang for more than 3 years, aged over 15-19, and class VII of junior high school. The measuring instrument used in this study is the Ways of Coping questionnaire from Folkman to measure coping strategies, the self-rating anxiety scale (SRAS) questionnaire from Zung to measure anxiety, and the Gartland Questionnaire to measure resilience. The data analysis was conducted by using Chi Square test.

Results:The results showed p-value < 0.05 was a relationship of coping strategies with self-efficacy and anxiety on junior high school teenagers in Kupang City.

Conclusions: Coping strategies have a very significant relationship with self-efficacy and anxiety in adolescents. Adolescents who have good coping strategies have good self-efficacy during the new normal era. This is also similar to anxiety, adolescents who have good coping strategies have low anxiety.


Self-efficacy; Anxiety; Resilience; Coping Strategies

Full Text:



Wang C, Zhao H. The Impact of COVID-19 on Anxiety in Chinese University Students. Front Psychol. 2020;11(January):1–8.

Wenjun C, Ziwei F, Guoqiang H, Mei H, Xinrong X, Jiaxin D, et al. The psychological impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on college students in China. Psychiatry Res [Internet]. 2020;287(March 20, 2020):1–5. Available from:

Rith-Najarian LR, Boustani MM, Chorpita BF. A systematic review of prevention programs targeting depression, anxiety, and stress in university students. J Affect Disord [Internet]. 2019;257:568–84. Available from:

Budiyati GA, Oktavianto E. Stres dan Resiliensi Remaja di Masa Pandemi COVID-19. J Kesehat. 2020;10(2):11–8.

Syamsiah RI, Lestari R, Yuliatun L. Hubungan Gaya Koping Remaja dan Keterlibatan Orang Tua dengan Resiliensi pada Remaja Selama Pandemi COVID-19. J Kesehat Vokasional. 2022;7(1):32.

Aritonang, N., & Siagian , E. Pengetahuan, Sikap, Upaya Terhadap Pencegahan COVID-19. J Penelit Perawat Prof. 2021;3(November):653–60.

Muwakhidah, Lianawati A. Profil Tingkat Resiliensi Remaja Di Masa Pandemic. 2020;143–50.

Van Liew C, Santoro MS, Edwards L, Kang J, Cronan TA. Assessing the structure of the Ways of Coping Questionnaire in fibromyalgia patients using common factor analytic approaches. Pain Res Manag. 2016;2016.

Dunstan DA, Scott N. Norms for Zung’s Self-rating Anxiety Scale. BMC Psychiatry. 2020;20(1):1–9.

Gartland D, Riggs E, Muyeen S, Giallo R, Afifi TO, Macmillan H, et al. What factors are associated with resilient outcomes in children exposed to social adversity? A systematic review. BMJ Open. 2019;9(4):1–14.

Brooks SK, Webster RK, Smith LE, Woodland L, Wessely S, Greenberg N, et al. The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. Lancet [Internet]. 2020;395(10227):912–20. Available from:

Sundari FN, Rihardini A. Hubungan Harga Diri dan Dukungan Sosial Keluarga dengan Resiliensi pada Odha Saat Pandemi COVID-19. Memperkuat Kontribusi Kesehat Ment dalam Menghadapi Pandemi Covid 19 Tinj Multidisipliner. 2021;(April):38–46.

Ying Y, Kong F, Zhu B, Ji Y, Lou Z, Ruan L. Mental health status among family members of health care workers in Ningbo, China during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak: a Cross-sectional Study. 2020;1–10.

Alazzam AA, Alhamad NF, Alhassan AAH, Ali M. Psychological Flow and Academic Self-Efficacy in Coping with Online Learning during COVID-19 Pandemic. J Hunan Univ (Natural Scieces). 2021;48(11).

Ruskandi JH. Kecemasan Remaja pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19. J Penelit Perawat Prof. 2021;3(3):483–92.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Jurnal Ners dan Kebidanan Indonesia (JNKI) indexed by:


Lisensi Creative Commons

  View My Stats