Comparison Of Health Education With Videos And Leaflets On The Knowledge Of Young Women About Early Detection Of Breast Cancer In SMP Negeri 15 Bandung

Wardah Fajriah, Ariyati Mandiri, Didah Didah, Astuti Dyah Bestari, Lani Gumilang

Abstract


Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that grows in the breast tissue and is the most common cancer disease affecting women in Indonesia with an incidence of 42.1 per 100.000 population and an average death rate of 17 per 100.000 population. The increasing incidence of breast cancer in women as adolescents and young adults is due to several factors such as parity at a young age, family history, gene mutations, and poor lifestyle factors. Early detection of breast cancer through education on causative factors and how to prevent breast cancer and  breast self-examination technique will be very useful to reduce the incidence. This study aimed to determine the comparison of breast cancer early detection health education with video and leaflets on the knowledge of young women about early detection of breast cancer. This study used a quasi experiment method with two control group design. Samples collected with consecutive sampling techniques. This study conducted for 7 days in December 2019 on young women at SMP Negeri 15 Bandung with 40 subjects in each group. The technique used to collect the data is questionnaire. The experimental group is given with Video and the control group is given with Leaflet. The bivariate data analysis used Paired T-Test and Non-paired T-test. The results of this study showed that there was an increase in the knowledge before and after being given video (p = 0.000) and leaflet (0,003) with significant difference in young women who were given video compared to those given leaflets (p=0,000) so that there were differences in health education with videos and leaflets on the knowledge of young women about early detection of breast cancer

Keywords


early detection of breast cancer; leaflet; health education; knowledge of young women; video.

References


World Health Organization. Cancer Today. WHO; 2018. In http://gco.iarc.fr/today/home. Accessed on April 12, 2019 at 16.05 WIB.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Hari Kanker Sedunia 2019 Jakarta: Kemenkes RI; 2019. In

http://www.depkes.go.id/article/view/19020100003/hari-kanker-sedunia-2019.html. Accessed on March 1, at 21.13 WIB.

Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Barat. Profil Kesehatan. Dinas Kesehatan: Bandung; 2017.

American C, Society. Breast Cancer Facts & Figures 2019-2020. Atlanta: American Cancer Society, Inc; 2019.

Tichy JR, Lim E, Anders CK. Breast cancer in adolescents and young adults: a review with a focus on biology. Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. 2013;11(9):1060-9.

Gnerlich JL, Deshpande AD, Jeffe DB, Sweet A, White N, Margenthaler JA. Elevated breast cancer mortality in women younger than age 40 years compared with older women is attributed to poorer survival in early-stage disease. Journal of the American College of surgeons. 2009;208(3):341-7.

Khatib OM, Modjtabai A. Guidelines for the early detection and screening of breast cancer. World Health Organization, Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean. 2006;50.

Herman H, Novriani H, Putri YE. The effect of health promotion about breast self-examination for student’s knowledge at the first senior high school of Enam Lingkung Padang Pariaman. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. 2015;3(10):2589-93.

Moffit Cancer Center. Breast Cancer in Teens 2018. In https://moffitt.org/cancers/breast-cancer/breast-cancer-in-teens/. Accessed on January, 23 at 06.19 WIB.

Aeni N, Yuhandini DS. Pengaruh Pendidikan Kesehatan Dengan Media Video Dan Metode Demonstrasi Terhadap Pengetahuan SADARI. Care: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Kesehatan. 2018;6(2):162-74.

Wulandari ET, Nuraeni R, Maesaroh S. Perbedaan Usia Menarche Pasien Kanker Payudara dan Pasien Kanker Ovarium yang Menjalani Pengobatan di Rumah Sakit. Wellness And Healthy Magazine. 2019;1(2):115-22.

Savitri A, Alina L, Utami E. Kupas Tuntas Kanker Payudara, Leher Rahim dan Rahim. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Baru Press; 2015.

Budiman RA. Pengetahuan dan Sikap dalam Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta: Salemba Medika; 2014.

Notoatmodjo S. Promosi Kesehatan dan Perilaku Kesehatan. 2nd ed. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta; 2012.

Alini A, Indrawati I. Efektifitas Promosi Kesehatan Melalui Audio Visual Dan Leaflet Tentang SADARI (Pemeriksaan Payudara Sendiri) Terhadap Peningkatan Pengetahuan Remaja Putri Tentang SADARI Di SMAN 1 Kampar Tahun 2018. Jurnal Ners. 2018;2(2).

Pawestri WI, Mulyani N, Yuliastuti S. Perbandingan Promosi Kesehatan Dengan Media Leaflet Dan Media Video Terhadap Pengetahuan Dan Sikap Remaja Tentang Perlindungan Diri Dari Kekerasan Di Kelas VII Dan VIII SMPN 14 Kota Tasikmalaya. Jurnal Syntax Transformation. 2020;1(4):62-7.

Batubara JR. Adolescent development (perkembangan remaja). Sari pediatri. 2016;12(1):21-9.

Suyamti E, Hastuti W. Gambaran Tingkat Kecemasan Remaja Putri Kelas VII dan VIII Yang Mengalami Pubertas. Profesi (Profesional Islam): Media Publikasi Penelitian. 2018;16(1):78-83.

Proverawati A, Misaroh S. Menarche menstruasi pertama penuh makna. Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika. 2009;144.

Maulina R. Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Pengetahuan Tentang Pap Smear Pada Wanita Usia Subur (Wus) Di Pemukiman Laminga Kecamatan Mesjid Raya Kabupaten Aceh Besar. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat. 2012:6-7.

Sari W, Meilani N, Yulianti Sari R. Pengaruh Media Video Terhadap Pengetahuan Deteksi Dini Kanker Payudara Pada Remaja Putri Di SMA N 1 Sanden Bantul Tahun 2019: Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta; 2019.

Santosa. Statistika Hospitalitas. Edisi 1 revisi ed. Yogyakarta: Deepublish; 2018.

Prabawati AD, Rohmah F. Pengaruh Penyuluhan Dengan Video Terhadap Pengetahuan Dan Keterampilan Kader Kesehatan Untuk Melakukan SADARI di Desa Sumber Mulyo Bambanglipuro Bantul: Universitas' Aisyiyah Yogyakarta; 2017.

Indriani T. Efektifitas Penyuluhan Kesehatan “SADARI” Dengan Media Video Terhadap Pengetahuan Pada Remaja Putri Di SMK YMJ Ciputat: UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta: Fakultas Kedokteran dan Ilmu Kesehatan, 2017; 2017.

Wawan A DM. Teori & pengukuran pengetahuan, sikap, dan perilaku manusia. Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika; 2010.

Huda M. Pembelajaran Berbasis Multimedia dan Pembelajaran Konvensional (Studi Komparasi di MTs Al-Muttaqin Plemahan Kediri). Jurnal Penelitian. 2016;10(1):125-46.

Notoatmodjo P. Promosi Kesehatan Teori dan Aplikasinya. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta; 2010.

Wilson LO. Anderson and Krathwohl–Bloom’s taxonomy revised. Understanding the New Version of Bloom's Taxonomy. 2016.

Sprenger M. Cara mengajar agar siswa tetap ingat. Jakarta: Erlangga. 2011.

Gejir IN, Agung AAG, Ratih IADK, Mustika IW, Suanda IW, Widiari NN, et al. Media Komunikasi dalam Penyuluhan Kesehatan: Penerbit Andi; 2017.

Daryanto. Media Pembelajaran Perannya Sangat Penting dalam Pembelajaran. Yogyakarta: Gava Media; 2016.

Herawati N, Damris M, Marshal J. Studi perbandingan promosi kesehatan antara leaflet dengan vidio terhadap pengetahuan tentang kanker payudara dan keterampilan deteksi dini kanker payudra (sadari) pada remaja putri jurusan kebidanan poltekes jambi tahun 2016. Accessed on September 19, 2020 at 07.30 WIB.

Jannah R, Antari GY, Hapipah H. Pengaruh Pendidikan Kesehatan Melalui Booklet Terhadap Pengetahuan Dan Praktik Pencegahan Malaria Pada Korban Gempa. Jurnal Kebidanan. 2020;9(2).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21927/jnki.2021.9(3).%25p

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Jurnal Ners dan Kebidanan Indonesia (JNKI) indexed by:

      

Lisensi Creative Commons

  View My Stats